NSW State Revenue
You are considering the purchase of an investment property, you have worked out what you want to spend, the type of property that you want and where it should be located; now all you need to do is find the right loan to suit the occasion. As we will see that may not be as easy as you might think, there are a number of considerations to be made, a variety of products and options to consider, and most importantly structuring your total financing arrangements so as to maximise your financial situation.
To enable us to identify the
most appropriate product for the situation it is important to
understand your financial situation and therefore the structuring
requirements for the finance. So our first step will be to look at the
structures most commonly used in financing of the investment property.
1. One loan is sought for both the home and investment property. These days you can get a single loan facility, which can have several accounts. In this case we would set up two accounts, one for the family home and the other for the investment property. As they are separate accounts there is no confusion with the tax-deductible portion of the investment property and the non tax-deductible portion of the family home.
2. Two loans one for each property, where the existing home loan is increased to provide the funds required facilitating the investment purchase. The increase to the existing home loan should be done with a multi-account loan to ensure the investment portion is separate from the non-investment portion. This will ensure that the tax deductible and non tax-deductible portions are separate and easily recognised.
3. Three separate loans one for each property and the third loan sits behind the loan on the family home and is used to draw the equity needed to facilitate the purchase of the investment property. Usually, in this case and in that of point 2, the loans are arranged so that the total borrowings against the properties negate the need for mortgage insurance (where borrowings are less than 80% of the value of the property). This option is not often used with the invention of the multi-account loans, which will be explained later in the article.
Which of the above structures is the best? Well that really is largely dependent on how you feel about separating the family home loan from the investment loan and secondly how much the lenders are going to charge you in fees for the set up. Of course if you are to purchase an investment property without using a second property you will only require a single loan. Our next step is to consider the types of loans that are available.
3.Types of Loans
Principal and Interest or Interest Only Loans
This is a choice between whether you wish to have the loan balance reducing by making principal and interest repayments or have the loan remain at the original level borrowed by only making interest repayments. Investors are usually advised to take an Interest Only loan, the theory being that principal reductions on an investment loan are not tax deductible, so therefore that money that forms the principal repayment could be used to further invest in another tax advantaged investment, thereby maximising your tax benefit.Fixed or Variable Interest Rates
This choice is about whether you are comfortable with your loan repayments fluctuating with interest rate movements. Investors are quite often advised to select a fixed rate as this ensures a consistent monthly repayment amount allowing ease of budgeting, so should rates move up your repayment will not be affected. These days fixed rate loans are not as restricted as they once were, where many lenders allow some principal payments to be made without penalty, although in most cases penalties still exist should you pay out the entire loan whilst still in the fixed period. Also, most lending institutions have little if any difference in interest rate between an investor or owner-occupier loan.
There are four basic types of loans that lenders offer and that are available for investment property purchase. Each lender has their specific name for their product and each will operate a little differently from any other but what follows is a brief outline.
This is your standard loan that we all have become accustomed to over the years. You select the term that you wish it to run and decide whether you would like a fixed or variable rate. Usually the fixed terms run between 1 to 5 years although a couple of lenders do offer up to 10 years. Quite often you will also have the option of an initial interest only period of generally up to 5 years. Many investors would have a loan like this as these have been around for a long time.
As the name suggests this loan is a line of credit, which means the bank will approve a maximum loan amount against the property that secures the loan (generally 80% of the value), and you are free to draw this facility up and down at will. It operates like an overdraft account and most often comes with a chequebook and debit card for ease of access to funds. Generally these loans are interest only and have no term attached, which suits an investor as they are most often advised to get an Interest Only loan. This loan could be used on the investment property or the family home or perhaps one on each. These loans have a high level of flexibility in that you can park money in your loan when it is available and draw it as required without notifying the bank, as long as you stay within your approved limit.
This loan has a bit of everything and provides the maximum flexibility of all loans. The loan is set up with sub-accounts so you can separate your different lending requirements and each account can be tailored with the features you need to suit the occasion. For example, lets say Account 1 is your home loan and you might like to have it as a principal and interest loan with a 3 year fixed rate, Account 2 could be $30,000 Interest Only line of credit on variable interest and used for say your share trading and Account 3 could also be an Interest Only Line of Credit but with a 5 year fixed rate for the investment property. The Multi Account Loan and the Line of Credit Loan usually have a higher interest rate than a standard amortising loan - this is a charge for the added flexibility and complexity.
The Offset Account loan is generally not a loan that an investor would use on the investment property but rather on their family home to use in conjunction with their investment. An Offset Account loan has a deposit account linked to the loan, the benefit is that any surplus funds that you might have, for example rental income, can be deposited into the deposit account and this is offset against the loan it is linked to. For example, if the loan amount outstanding is $100,000 and there is $5,000 in the offset account the interest that is charged on the loan will be calculated on $95,000. The effect this has is that the home loan gets paid out at a faster rate because your standard monthly repayment has been calculated on the full amount outstanding. Offset Account loans vary in the amount that is offset, meaning that some lenders may offset only 50% of the funds held in the account whilst others offset the full 100%, so you need to pay attention to ensure you get the best loan for your needs
Take the case of Tom and Joan. Tom is a plant operator
on $41,000pa whilst Joan earns $32,000pa as a training coordinator.
Both are in their mid 40's, their children have left home and over the
years they have reduced their home loan to $24,000.
How did this work?
So what are the 5 most important points to look out for when preparing to finance your investment property?
1. Ensure you set up an advantageous and flexible loan structure
2. Low interest rate means lower payments
3. Low fees…no one wants to pay fees
4. Interest only option for the investment property
5. Loan flexibility to ensure future purchases can be made easily